TMJ Therapy / Bite Splint

The temporomandibular join (TMJ) is your jaw joint which holds your lower jaw in place. It slides and rotates when your jaw is moving. Your TMJ is surrounded by muscles that connect your jaw to the skull which allow you to move your jaw forward, side to side and up and down. The TMJ jaw muscles and occlusion (the way your teeth fit together) closely interact with one another as a system.

Temporomandibular disorder occurs when there is a problem with one or more parts of the system. Some contributing factors include clenching, grinding and oral habits, which put abnormal pressure on the facial muscles. This can lead to chronic pain affecting the TMJ, jaw or neck muscles, headaches, reduced jaw movements, problems with opening and closing such as clicking and earaches.

Depending on the symptoms and situation, various treatments may be recommended. A common treatment is to provide a bite splint appliance. This custom fit splint is made of acrylic and fits over your top or bottom teeth. It allows the joints to move into proper position, relieving pressure and relaxing muscles. There are many types of bitesplints and the one shown in the picture is a MCI splint